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The Hagley Digital Archives provides online access to selected items from the Hagley Library's collection of images, documents, and publications related to the history of business, technology, and society.
Anne Louis Tousard journal, 1791-1792
This journal was compiled from Tousard's papers and includes copies of orders, military correspondence, and proclamations documenting his service as a military officer during the Santo Domingo slave rebellion. It was compiled by Tousard while he was a prisoner at L'Abbaye. He intended to submit this document to the Convention Nationale in order to justify his actions while at Santo Domingo.
Tousard, Louis de, 1749-1817
Louis de Tousard (1749-1817) was a French military officer who served in the American Revolution with Marquis de Lafayette. He was involved in the ill-fated Canadian campaign and in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. After being wounded on August 28, 1778, he returned to France. In 1784 he was commissioned lieutenant colonel and went to Santo Domingo where he became involved in an effort to put down the 1791 slave insurrection led by Toussaint L'Ouverture. The French government arrested him on October 19, 1792, and accused him of being a counter-revolutionary and corresponding with the rebellious slaves. He was confined to the infamous L'Abbaye prison where he remained until February 4, 1793 when he was released through the intercession of the American minister. He was then reinstated in the American army and promoted to inspector of artillery. Between 1800 and 1802 he helped organize the military academy at West Point. He returned to France in 1802 where he died fifteen years later.
Haiti--History--Revolution, 1791-1804Slave insurrections--HaitiSlavery--HaitiArmed Forces--Officers
Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
Tousard, Louis de, 1749-1817Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803
1 reel (139 pages) ; 35 mm
Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library
Anne Louis Tousard journal (Accession 874)
Original manuscripts privately held.
[Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Anne Louis Tousard journal (Accession 874), Manuscripts and Archives Department, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
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