Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs

About this collection

The Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company was the largest producer of anthracite coal in the United States from 1871 through the 1920s. This collection primarily shows the company's operation in Locust Summit near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, and comprises 86 photographs that detail the steps of mining and processing anthracite coal. Click here for a detailed description of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs collection. Image: Fuel from the Depths. Click to view.

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Center of Reading Anthracite's Operating Organization
Regional headquarters of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Co. are located in this Office Building at 200 Mahantongo St., Pottsville, Pa., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
An Anthracite Mining Patch
A Typical Group of miners homes in the Reading Anthracite Region. These Houses are built and maintained by the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Co. and are leased at low rentals., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Modern Mining Concentration
The new preliminary cleaner plant at Locust Gap, built of steel and concrete, operated by electric power, and sending its product to the world's largest breaker at Locust Summit, Pa., for final preparation., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Reading Anthracite Colliery Center
A Colliery operation near Mt. Carmel, Pa., electrically equipped, and with high speed automatic machinery for dumping coal cars into the cleaner plant at the left., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The New Generation of Anthracite Miners
A typical group of Reading Anthracite miners waiting to go on duty. Most of them are the second or third generations of miners in Pennsylvania's Anthracite counties. Many are High School graduates and hundreds attend the Company's Night Mining Schools to prepare themselves for promotion in the Company's services., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Miner's Helmet
Reminiscent of the Trench Helmet used by American Troops in the World War, is this Safety Hat worn by the Superintendent of Alaska Colliery. He sets the example for the 1,000 miners who work under his direction, by wearing the safety equipment prescribed by the Company for its employees., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Entrance to a Reading Anthracite Mine
These miners are shown aboard a 'Gun Boat' descending by an inclined slope into one of the mines of The Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Bottom at a Reading Anthracite Colliery
Miners arriving at the bottom of a slope in Henry Clay Colliery, shoulder their tools and start toward their working places., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Testing for Gas
Before a miner is allowed to enter his working place, the Fire Boss thoroughly inspects it and makes tests for gas of any other dangerous conditions. The Fire Boss in the picture is shown using the Safety Lamp which immediately reveals the presence of gas., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Hospital in a Reading Anthracite Mine
Well equipped Hospital facilities are maintained in the Mines of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company for use in case of accident. This Hospital is hewn out of the rock in the depths of The Burnside Colliery., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Old Time Mining Methods
A miner is here shown illustrating the old time method of boring holes in the face of a coal seam for the explosive charge used to loosen it. This apparatus is suspended by electric or other power drills. Many other aids have been furnished to the miner to improve the speed and efficiency of his work., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Face of a Coal Seam
A Rich vein of coal exposed at a working place in a Reading Anthracite Mine. This coal seam is steeply pitched, following the contour of the mountains beneath which it has been buried for ages., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Reading Anthracite Miners at Work
A group of miners at work a thousand feet below the earth's surface., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Miner's Using Modern Equipment
A Miner is shown operating a high power electric drill which rapidly bores deep holes for the explosive charges which break loose the coal buried deeply beneath the mountains., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Cutting Anthracite by Electricity
Miners using machines like this cut slots under the coal and the blast it down in large quantities. The machine has a motor driven revolving chain, armed with sharp teeth, which saw a slot six feet deep very rapidly., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
A Coal Cutting Machine
View showing the cutting teeth of the machine which saws deep slots in the coal face to facilitate the mining of famous Reading Anthracite., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Air Driven Drilling Machine
This miner is using a Pneumatic Drill to bore into the face of the coal. Powder charges are place in the holes and exploded, breaking the coal into lumps for transportation to the surface. The miner's safety lamp is hung on a nail above his head and immediately warns him of the presence of gas., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Working at the Face
Miners working at the face of a rich coal vein in Maple Hill Colliery., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Dressing the Face
Miners carefully dress the face of the coal seam so as to remove loose masses of foal after each explosive charge has been fired. The miner in this picture is shown making the face safe for drilling operations preliminary to another 'shot., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Miner's Pick
Side by side with the most modern electrical installations such as the conveyor line in the background, the pick-the ancient symbol of the miner's art, still holds a place of prime utility., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Modern Transportation in an Anthracite Mine
Flexible conveyor belts carry newly mined coal for great distances underground. Motor driven apparatus provide many other forms of conveyance. The cables and drums shown in the picture operate a drag line which carries coal down from the face to points where it can be conveniently loaded., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Electric Aids for Anthracite Mining
Control station of a motorized belt conveyor line which carries newly mined coal for long distances in the workings underground., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Fuel from the Depths
A Reading Anthracite miner tending a mechanical conveyor which carries anthracite for long distances in the workings. The electric wire strung overhead the tense pose of the worker, and the general background give the scene a curious resemblance to a diver at work in a sea cavern., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Loading Mine Cars by Electricity
Mine cars are automatically loaded by motor driven conveyor belts in mines of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company. This scene is more than a thousand feet below the earth's surface at Burnside Colliery, near Samokin, Pa., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Mechanical Car Loader
The Coal is shoveled onto a moving belt which carries it upward and dumps it into the mine car which may be seen in the background. The miner in the background is showing how the coal had to be shoveled by hand over the top of the car before the device was installed., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Mine Mule in her Boudoir
Deep beneath the earth's surface is this rock hewn stable for mine mules. Electric locomotives are rapidly replacing hundreds of mules is the Reading Anthracite workings, but Jenny continues to be serviceable for many tasks in the mine depths., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Bath for Mine Mules
The Mine Mules receive the best of care at collieries of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company. Picture shows a bath provided for mules to keep them in condition., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Timber for a Reading Anthracite Mine
Carefully selected timber is used for keeping open many gangways, headings, and working places in mines of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company. Scene at a timber bank near a mine entrance., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Gangway in a Reading Anthracite Mine
The mine cars which carry newly mined Reading Anthracite from the working places to the surface of preparation pass through these tracked tunnels beneath the surface. The gangways are maintained as carefully as is the way on any railroad., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Vaulted Arches in an Anthracite Mine
Steel and concrete structures replace timber props at many places in modernized mines of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company. The high vaulted roofs reflecting the head lamps of passing trains of mine cars and the lights from the miners lamps make an impressive picture., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Electric Mule
Electric transportation is rapidly replacing the traditional mule in the mines. Motors such as are shown in this picture draw long trains of mine cars rapidly through the gangways., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Shaft Landing in an Anthracite Mine
Huge elevators, known as 'Cages' carry mine cars loaded with anthracite from the mine depths to the surface and return the empty cars to be reloaded. The 'cages' serve five, six or seven levels in the mine--corresponding to floors of a tall building., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Control Center at a Reading Anthracite Colliery
The man at the levers of the Hoisting Engine stands enthroned over vital machinery. At a touch of his hand cars loaded with newly mined coal are raised and empty cars are lowered by steel cables which are wound and unwound by electric motors on the great drums shown in the background., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Automatic Mine Car Dump
This apparatus automatically tips and empties the cars filled with newly mined coal as they emerge from the depths. Modern apparatus like this has added speed and efficiency to the preparation of Reading Anthracite for use as fuel in millions of American homes., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Separating Large Impurities from Coal
Large pieces of rock or other impurities are pushed into the side chute to be dumped on the refuse bank and coal passes on for further cleaning and preparation., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Bull Shaker at a Preliminary Cleaning Plant
Small sizes of coal drop through the large holes in the screens while large lumps pass on to be cracked into sizes which can be most efficiently handled by the equipment in the great buildings where Reading Anthracite is thoroughly cleaned and prepared for market., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Preliminary Cleaner at Locust Gap
Structures of steel, concrete, and other permanent materials replace the old type wooden breaker buildings throughout the Reading Anthracite region., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Loading Partly Cleaned Coal
Lowering conveyors load railways cars with coal after it has been given its preliminary cleaning and sizing. These cars are sent to the central preparation plant a few miles away where the product is finally prepared for marker by the most exacting and efficient methods known to the industry., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Full Steam at a Reading Anthracite Colliery
The Henry Clay Colliery of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, near Shamokin, Pa., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
A Huge Lump of Pure Coal
This piece of Treading Anthracite weighs more than a ton. An inspector of the Philadelphia Reading Coal and Iron Company found that it contained no particles of rock or other impurities., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Home of a Reading Anthracite Miner
The Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company owns and maintains the homes of many of its employees., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Street in a Reading Anthracite Town
'Company Houses' are eagerly sought by miners in the employ of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company because of the care which is shown in their maintenance and the low rentals charged., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Transport Competition at Anthracite Colliery
Electric railway trains and electrically driven conveyor belts are features of the world's largest anthracite breaker at Locust Summit. The mound in the background is an accumulation of non-combustible material from which Reading Anthracite is freed before it is sent out to heat millions of homes in the U. S. and Canada., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Refuse Conveyor at World's Largest Anthracite Breaker
One of the huge conveyor lines which carry to the refuse bank the non-combustible material cleaned from Reading Anthracite at the Locust Summit Central Breaker before it is sent to market., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Stripping a Cast Coal Deposit
The mammoth vein of the Anthracite measures comes to the surface in a great tilted slab, twenty-five to thirty feet thick, on the south slope of the Locust Mountain. A deep excavation which might contain a section of the Panama Canal has been made the dark stripes on the left side of the cut is the coal seem laid bare., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Methods of Anthracite Mining
The Model shown in the picture shows the nature of the coal seems and the various methods used in mining them. The model is part of the Pennsylvania State Mining Exhibit., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Diorama of Anthracite Mining
Displayed in Hall of Science, Century of Progress, Chicago Donor., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Underground Pump Room
Deep beneath the earth's surface powerful electric pumps in Reading Anthracite Collieries have established new records for economy and efficiency in keeping the mines free of water., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
St. Nicholas District Central Breaker
This huge plant located in a valley between Mahanoy City and Shenandoah prepares famous Reading Anthracite taken from a mining area of ten square miles. With its auxiliary facilities, the St. Nicholas plant covers an area of more than five-hundred acres., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Electric Mule
Electric transportation is rapidly replacing the traditional mule in the mines. Motors such as are shown in this picture draw long trains of mine cars rapidly through the gangways., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
An Anthracite Forest
Sylvan paths and beautifully wooded valleys nestle everywhere throughout the Reading region in eastern Pennsylvania., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Reading Anthracite Community
View of Mount Carmel, Pa. This community rates itself one of the most prosperous in Pennsylvania as a result of the operation of the world's largest anthracite breaker at Locust Summit., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Air View of World's Largest Anthracite Breaker
1. Assembly of incoming raw product yard. 2. Thaw shed. 3. Rotary car dump. 4. Breaker. 5. Scale house. 6. Mammoth vein mine. 7. The thickened. (Water recovering process.), Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Shadow of a New Industrial Giant
Striking silhouette of the Locust Summit district central breaker. The lines of empty freight cars are waiting to be loaded with famous Reading anthracite., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Built Like a Huge Factory
Solid steel and concrete construction and an unprecedented concentration of automatic equipment are impressive features of the world's largest anthracite breakers., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Complete Electrification
The hundreds of apparatus used in the preparation of famous Reading anthracite at the Locust Summit District Central Breaker are electrically operated., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Anthracite Electricity Supplies Power
Transformer station at Locust Summit breaker from which electricity, manufactured from famous Reading Anthracite a few miles away, is fed into the breaker., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Master of a Modern Coal Breaker
Electrician operating the master switch at Locust Summit., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Electrified Mine Train
Electric locomotive hauling cars filled with fresh mined coal to be cleaned and prepared for market at the Locust Summit breaker., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Feeding the Breaker
Run-of-mine coal is fed by the carload into the rotary dumps at the left of the picture., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Thaw Shed
During the winter season when ice and snow conceal the run-of-mine coal, this building thaws 24 carloads at once. Eight lines of track pass through the building., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Feeding the Breaker
Run-of-mine coal is fed by the carload into the rotary dumps at the left of the picture., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Rotary Dumps
Huge steel drums, electrically operated, overturn and empty the largest freight car., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Emptying a Coal Car
When the car is overturned, the coal slides gently into a hopper below. The run-of-mine coal is then fed onto conveyor belts., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Main Conveyors
These belts are four feet wide and carry raw coal up an inclined plane to the top of the breaker at the rate of 1,600 tons an hour., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Mammoth Preparation Machinery
Conical steel tank in which famous Reading Anthracite is automatically cleaned of impurities., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Where Reading Anthracite Floats
In a whirling mixture of sand and water pure coal floats and its impurities sink. Many of these apparatus are contained in the world's largest anthracite breaker as part of the equipment which assures the marketing of famous Reading Anthracite as a pure and perfectly sized fuel., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
How the Cone Works
Pure Coal is lighter--slate and bone are heavier than the agitated mixture of sand and water in the cone. The coal floats and is washed over the lip of the cone. Impurities sink and are trapped out through the bottom., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Machinery Detail
Some of the machinery which sizes and otherwise prepares the coal., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
How Reading Anthracite is Screened
Exactly sized screens, operated by powerful electric motors, accurately separate the coal into eight classifications of sizes., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Sizing Screens
Banks of these screens rise, tier on tier, throughout the world's largest anthracite breaker. More than 12,000 square feet assure the accurate sizing of the product., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Final Sizing Screens
Perfectly sized coal passes over the screens to rubber belt conveyors, which carry it to the loading bays., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Appearance Test for Reading Anthracite
As coal is conveyed to the loading bays, it is examined for appearance., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Washing out the Empty Coal Cars
Cars are thoroughly cleaned by high pressure water jets., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Weighing the Empty Cars
On its way to the loading bay, each empty car is automatically weighed. The Bill - of - Lading originates at this point and the tare weight is tamped upon it., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Lowering Conveyors
The prepared sizes of Reading anthracite are loaded into freight cars without breakage by these devices which are electrically operated and lowered into the cars so that the coal is deposited gently and evenly. Reading anthracite rides on rubber so that dealers and consumers may receive exactly sized shipments of nature's finest fuel., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Rigid Inspection
Coal inspectors, representing the sales department, take samples from each newly loaded car of Reading Anthracite. The samples are subjected to rigid laboratory tests., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Screening Test
Motor driven shaker screens accurately determine the percentage of over-size and under-size in the samples taken from nine points on each car., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Floating Test
Each fifty-pound sample is dipped in a bath of zinc chloride, pure coal floats and all impurities sink into a basket which segregates them. This apparatus detects the slightest impurities., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Floating Coal
Pure coal is shown floating in zinc chloride bath., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Weighing Tests for Reading Anthracite
Employees weighing samples which are taken from every carload of coal prepared for market., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Drying the Coal Samples
The coal is thoroughly dried before being subjected to its chemical tests., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Electric Furnace Test
Coal samples of pea size, and smaller, are burned to determine their ash content., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Weighing the Ash
A young technician is weighing the ash samples to hair's breadth exactitude on finely balanced scales., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
The Box Car Loader
A Huge rocker mechanism is used to load box cars rapidly and with minimum breakage., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807
Weighing Your Coal
This modern scale automatically stamps the loaded weight upon the Bill-of-Lading as the car passes over the balances., Titles and descriptions used here created by the company in the 1930s., [Description and dates], Hagley ID, Box/folder number, Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company photographs (Accession 1980.318), Audiovisual Collections and Digital Initiatives, Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE 19807