This photograph shows the loading operations prior to initial startup of the HWCTR. The operation of a special tool for removing fuel housing tubes is being observed. Actual loading and unloading of fuel are accomplished by the refueling machine in the background. Radioactive fuel elements can be safely transported to a water filled storage pit within the lead shielded cylinder rising from the mechanical drive platform. Installation of the 24 fuel assembles was accomplished on March 1st and the reactor attained criticality on March 3, 1962.
This camp housed part of Hanford Engineer Works 52,000 population during WWII. Barracks pictured here sheltered construction employees of first atomic energy materials plant at Hanford, WA which DuPont designed, built and operated at the government's request. Because existing towns within a reasonable daily driving distance were unable to provide housing, business and recreational facilities, DuPont later built virtually from the ground up the village of Richland to house the plant operation force. For the most part they were men and women from the company's industrial plants who had been moved to the area under utmost secrecy.
Building in the background (left) is a Separations Facility at the Savannah River Plant. Chemical processing of uranium slugs takes place in this facility after the uranium has been brought from the plant reactors. In the foreground are huge concrete encased steel tanks which provide containment for radioactive by products (radioactive wastes). Only the vents can be seen since the tanks have been backfilled and covered with dirt.
The Hanford construction camp which housed 45,000 construction workers. In addition, residents of a trailer village expanded the total to 52,000 people. Project offices of the U.S. Corp of Engineers and DuPont are shown in the foreground.