Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley

About this collection

A collection of approximately 200 interviews conducted between 1953 and 1990 with people who lived and worked in New Castle County, Delaware. The recollections of the subjects cover a period from about 1900 to 1960. While the majority of the interviews are with those who have a connection with the DuPont Company or du Pont family either as employees or inhabitants of the area surrounding the company's operation on the Brandywine River, the collection also includes interviews with those who worked in other industries in Delaware during this era such as Hodgson Woolen Mill, Lobdell Car Wheel Company, Hoopes Brother & Darlington, and Joseph Bancroft & Sons. In addition to documenting work and labor during this period, the interviewers delve deeply into the social and cultural lives of their subjects. Issues related to domesticity, gender, education, childhood, ethnicity, medicine, etc. are among the topics covered in the interviews. Also of note are interviews with a journalist (Fred Reybold) and an early broadcaster (Willard Wilson) who worked in Delaware.

    For more information about the collection, click here to view the finding aid.
    Image: Vance Mitchell during 1968 interview. Click to view.

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Interview with Martin Dillon, 1969 July 28 [audio](part 2)
Dillon describes in detail the process of hauling willows, including cutting them down, peeling them, tools and techniques used, and caring for the horses. He also describes farm life at the turn of the century, including the business aspect of farming.
Interview with Maurice du Pont Lee, 1969 February 6-7 [audio](part 1)
Lee describes his high school and college education in detail, the influence of his cousin Louis Cazenove on his interest in engineering, his work for the company in Hannibal, Missouri, various explosions, his work in smokeless powder and the expansion of Carney's Point, his move from explosives to dye stuffs, and the company's international dealings during World War I. Lee also describes his family, including his mother, Alfred I. du Pont, Lee's role in helping his cousins gain their inheritance, and various family members' leadership qualities. Furthermore, he discusses the building of A.I. du Pont hospital and interactions with his coworkers.
Interview with Maurice du Pont Lee, 1969 February 6-7 [audio](part 2)
Lee describes his high school and college education in detail, the influence of his cousin Louis Cazenove on his interest in engineering, his work for the company in Hannibal, Missouri, various explosions, his work in smokeless powder and the expansion of Carney's Point, his move from explosives to dye stuffs, and the company's international dealings during World War I. Lee also describes his family, including his mother, Alfred I. du Pont, Lee's role in helping his cousins gain their inheritance, and various family members' leadership qualities. Furthermore, he discusses the building of A.I. du Pont hospital and interactions with his coworkers.
Interview with Maurice du Pont Lee, 1969 February 13-14 [audio](part 3)
Lee describes his work as the manager of the manufacture of cellophane and rayon, the entrance of DuPont into cellophane, the establishment of a new plant in Virginia, his philanthropic ventures in Wilmington, and the beginning of Alcoholic Anonymous in the company in the 1940s. His interview also details the design and building of the DuPont Country Club. He also discusses his mother's interest in psychic matters, the development of Rodney Square, the construction of I-95 in Wilmington, working in the Office of Civil Defense, and his work on the National Parks Commission.
Interview with Maurice du Pont Lee, 1969 February 13-14 [audio](part 4)
Lee describes his work as the manager of the manufacture of cellophane and rayon, the entrance of DuPont into cellophane, the establishment of a new plant in Virginia, his philanthropic ventures in Wilmington, and the beginning of Alcoholic Anonymous in the company in the 1940s. His interview also details the design and building of the DuPont Country Club. He also discusses his mother's interest in psychic matters, the development of Rodney Square, the construction of I-95 in Wilmington, working in the Office of Civil Defense, and his work on the National Parks Commission.
Interview with Ann Hudson (Mrs. Joseph Hudson), 1968 August 1 [audio](part 1)
Hudson describes growing up along the Brandywine, including the neighborhood and buildings, her family history, the trolley lines, and local businesses. She also describes her education and Sunday school, games and amusements, medical care, and excursions on Alfred I. du Pont's boat. She recounts her memories of explosions and reactions to them.
Interview with Ann Hudson (Mrs. Joseph Hudson), 1968 August 1 [audio](part 2)
Hudson describes growing up along the Brandywine, including the neighborhood and buildings, her family history, the trolley lines, and local businesses. She also describes her education and Sunday school, games and amusements, medical care, and excursions on Alfred I. du Pont's boat. She recounts her memories of explosions and reactions to them.
Interview with Louise F. Poole, 1974 March 4 [audio]
Poole describes her family's genealogy in detail, her hobbies and activities in Wilmington, Wilmington society in the early twentieth century, and daily life.
Interview with Oliver Collins, 1973 July 19 [audio](part 1)
Collins describes different kinds of turbines, wheel diameters and their various usage, and other industrial machines essential to his business. He also describes his family history and the running of the millrace, as well as overcoming problems such as rot. He describes the environment and wildlife in the area and also discusses his other interest in cutting hair.
Interview with Alfred Evans, May 1973 [audio]
Evans describes how he obtained the job through his brother. He also describes his impressions of Delaware and Boca Grande. He also presents details about Mrs. Crowninshield's personality, including how she sought to send those who could not pay to school and how she encouraged him to take a vacation with the car.
Interview with Mrs. James Hammond, 1969 [audio]
Hammond describes her relationship with Mrs. Crowninshield as very close, stating that Mrs. Crowninshield considered Hammond and her children to be like her own children. She recounts various events, including outdoor luncheons and trips with her aunt. She gives a detailed description of Mrs. Crowninshield's personality and interests, including her love for gardening, decorating, and philanthropy. She also describes Mrs. Crowninshield's influence on her as well as people who influenced Mrs. Crowninshield.
Interview with Clement Hoopes, 1969 July 3 [audio]
Hoopes describes the villages, his memories of explosions, and impressions of various du Pont family members.
Interview with Aloysius Rowe, undated [audio]
Rowe discusses swimming in the Brandywine during the summer. He also recounts an incident in which he saved a drowning girl. He talks about his father's death, sickness, crime, and superstitions.
Interview with Oliver Collins, 1973 July 19 [audio](part 2)
Collins describes different kinds of turbines, wheel diameters and their various usage, and other industrial machines essential to his business. He also describes his family history and the running of the millrace, as well as overcoming problems such as rot. He describes the environment and wildlife in the area and also discusses his other interest in cutting hair.
Interview with Clarence A. Fahs, 1966 April 22, 1966 May 2 [audio]
Fahs describes his childhood in Wilmington, including his education, milking cows for extra money, boarding for his jobs in other cities, He discusses various jobs he had before DuPont, including working at Wilmington Dental Works, Novelty Machine Works, Pullman Automobile Company, and American Chain Works. He also describes his career at DuPont, including the various machines on the grounds, the explosion in 1917, wages, salaries, and vacation.
Interview with Aloysius Rowe, 1968 August 12 [audio]
Rowe discusses growing up along the Brandywine and the daily life of his mother and his family, including their schooling, healthcare, and eating habits. He also describes the 1918 flu epidemic, wakes, political life in Wilmington, the development of radio and automobile technologies, and the effect of the Great Depression on Forty Acres in Wilmington. He also recounts his working experience, from his first job at Hodgson's Woolen Mill to his later experiences working for the Reading Railroad. His interview provides detailed insight into daily life during the early twentieth century.
Interview with Clarence A. Fahs, 1966 May 4 [audio]
Fahs describes his childhood in Wilmington, including his education, milking cows for extra money, boarding for his jobs in other cities, He discusses various jobs he had before DuPont, including working at Wilmington Dental Works, Novelty Machine Works, Pullman Automobile Company, and American Chain Works. He also describes his career at DuPont, including the various machines on the grounds, the explosion in 1917, wages, salaries, and vacation.
Interview with William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July [audio](part 1)
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
Interview with William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July [audio](part 2)
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
Interview with William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July [audio](part 3)
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and the childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
Interview with William F. Flanigan, 1960 May-July [audio](part 4)
Flanigan describes the houses in which he grew up, relationships among his neighbors, his education, a feeling of isolation in the community, and the childrens' chores and pastimes. He also describes his first job at the Hodgson Woolen Mill, various ethnicities that worked at DuPont, different explosions that occurred, and daily life during his childhood and teenage years.
Interview with Benjamin F. Foster, 1964 February 24 [audio](part 1)
Foster describes his working career at DuPont, including the various plants in which he worked, the installation of electrical lighting, engineering work, salaries and wages, and transferring to South America. He also describes the establishment of the Hotel du Pont, the building of homes for various du Pont family members, and his impressions of du Pont family members.
Interview with Benjamin F. Foster, 1964 February 28 [audio](part 2)
Foster describes his working career at DuPont, including the various plants in which he worked, the installation of electrical lighting, engineering work, salaries and wages, and transferring to South America. He also describes the establishment of the Hotel du Pont, the building of homes for various du Pont family members, and his impressions of du Pont family members.
Interview with Harvey L. Fell, 1968 June 17 [audio]
Fell describes farming for DuPont in detail, including the amount of workers, the number of barns and buildings, livestock raised, horses that pulled the wagons, sporting and hunting dogs, barn burnings, and farm equipment. He also describes the community along the Brandywine, his impressions of various du Pont family members, and the layout of Wilmington and the powder yard.
Interview with Theodore "Ted" Pennock, 1968 August 23 [audio]
Pennock discusses learning his trade, his transfer to Hagley for better wages, his working environment at Hagley, and union activity among machine workers.

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