Joseph Bancroft, an Englishman trained in textile weaving in Lancashire, established his own cotton mill on the Brandywine near Wilmington, Delaware in 1831. The firm was incorporated as the Joseph Bancroft & Sons Company in 1889. This digital collection includes material documenting the Joseph Bancroft & Sons textile mills from Hagley's collection of Joseph Bancroft and Sons Company photographs (Accession 1969.025). It also draws extensively from our Joseph Bancroft and Sons Company, Miss America collection (Accession 1972.430). This latter collection consists of general advertising, fashion photography, and product information for textiles produced and marketed by Bancroft in the 20th century. It also documents the Joseph Bancroft & Sons Company's sponsorship of the Miss America Pageant and the promotion of fabrics by Miss America from the years 1953 to 1967.
Joseph T. Richards portfolio of notes and drawings on the Pennsylvania Station project
Joseph T. Richards (1845-1933) was a career civil engineer with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company who participated in several of their large construction projects in the first decade of the twentieth century. Richards's chief accomplishments were helping to direct the restoration of PRR lines following the massive destruction wrought by the Johnstown Flood of 1889 and contributing to the railroad aspects of the design for Washington Union Station (1907) and Pennsylvania Station in New York (1910). The Joseph T. Richards portfolio of notes and drawings on the Pennsylvania Station project (Accession 2471) collection consists of the contents of a small portfolio of documents relating to the construction of the Pennsylvania Station and its associated yards and terminals belonging to Joseph T. Richards (1845-1933). The collection complements the much more extensive coverage of Pennsylvania Station and its associated tunnels in other Hagley Library accessions.
Joshua Conner & Son leather goods store photographs
The leather manufacturing firm of Joshua Conner & Son was founded in 1848 by James Conner (1813-1880). It moved to Wilmington, Delaware, in 1858. After 1915, it operated under the name of Joshua Conner & Son, as the business was continued by Joshua Conner’s son, Joshua Conner (1842-1917), and grandson, Joshua Christy Conner (1883-1964). Early operations included the manufacture of harness, saddles, and trunks. Later the firm sold all types of trunks, luggage and athletic equipment, leather novelties, equestrian equipment, blankets and flags. It was recognized as one of the leading retail establishments in Delaware. The Joshua Conner & Son leather goods store photographs (Accession 1995.205) collection consists of five photographs of the storefront, store interiors and portraits of the proprietors. There are two views of the Conner storefront at 235-237 Market St., Wilmington, Delaware, and one interior view showing a display counter and two clerks. In addition, there are studio portraits of Joshua Conner and Joshua Christy Conner, his son.
Keith Reeves Rodney (1875-1956) was a chemist or metallurgical engineer associated with the Fairmount Steel Company in Philadelphia. In 1905 he and several companions toured a number of the steel mills and machine shops in France, Italy, Sweden, and England. Of the two diaries in the Keith Reeves Rodney diaries (Accession 1884) collection, the first merely records his travels. It contains little technical information but lists places visited, hotels, sightseeing tours, names of contacts and notations on the reception (friendly or unfriendly) he received at particular sites. The second diary contains more detailed descriptions of the various mills and shops visited. It provides data on the processes employed and the rates of operation. It represents an interesting vignette of the European steel and ordnance industries during a period of rapid growth for German and Italian companies and a period of decline for French and English firms.
Kelvinator Corporation electric refrigerators album
Kelvinator was founded in Detroit in 1916 after previously operating as the Electro-Automatic Refrigerating Company. Nathaniel B. Wales (1883-1974) was the founding engineer, and he had been developing home refrigeration units. He received financial backing from automobile executive Arnold H. Goss. The company name was an ode to the British physicist who developed the absolute temperature scale that also bears his name, Lord Kelvin. By 1923, Kelvinator controlled 80% of the electric refrigerator market. In the 1920s, Kelvinator acquired both Leonard Refrigerator Company and Nizer Corporation. In 1937, it merged with Nash Motor Company and became a division of Nash-Kelvinator. The company expanded into other household appliances like hot water heaters, air conditioners, and electric ranges. In 1968, Kelvinator was purchased by White Consolidated Industries, which in turn was purchased by A. B. Electrolux in 1986. The Kelvinator Corporation electric refrigerators album (Accession 1997.229) appears to be a wholesaler's catalog showing sketched illustrations of the exteriors and interiors of Kelvinator refrigerator models; three of the prints show only compressors and motors. No price list or text is included.
Ken White Associates, Inc., formed by industrial designer Ken White in 1947, was a design firm that developed plans and designs for thousands of independent and academic bookstores throughout the United States, as well as many other types of retail businesses. The company also played a leading role in introducing convenience stores and innovative food service options on college campuses. The Ken White Associates, Inc. records (Accession 2377) collection includes organizational files documenting the corporate organization; financial papers; project files; publications by White and his son, as well as the records of the partnerships and other companies White formed as he expanded his business and services. The collection also contains files on White's professional activities, including papers related to conferences, conventions, and trade shows, memberships in various organizations, and seminars and talks. This collection has not been digitized in its entirety.
The Lammot du Pont collection of aeronautical photographs (Accession 1975.360) is a collection of books, manuscripts, prints, drawings and photographs relating to the history of aeronautics from the first balloon flights through the 1940s. The collection was first assembled by Lammot du Pont, Jr. (1909-1964), the Assistant Vice President of the Wilmington Trust Company and a former employee of the Fokker Aircraft Corporation. This online collection is a selection of images from the collection, which has not been digitized in its entirety. The digitized images primarily consists of photographs that depict subjects such as airplanes, balloons and dirigibles, seaplanes, male and female pilots, long-distance and round-the-world flights, airplane crashes, air races, flying instruction, and the Arctic schooner <em>Effie M. Morrissey</em>. Nearly all of the photographs are news service images, many accompanied by original caption information.
Lammot du Pont (1831-1884) was an accomplished chemist who managed gunpowder manufacturing at the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. (DuPont Company). He introduced sodium nitrate to the manufacture of powder for blasting and mining purposes and made important improvements in machinery and manufacturing techniques. By 1865, he led all the company’s manufacturing units outside of Delaware, and in 1880 he organized the Repauno Chemical Company for the manufacture of high explosives in New Jersey. He was killed in an explosion while conducting experiments with nitroglycerin in 1884. The Lammot du Pont, Sr., papers (Accession 0384) collection documents his work in the explosives industry, outside investments in coal mines and railroads, and correspondence with family. It has not been digitized in its entirety; the materials here include a selection of gunpowder labels, correspondence related to gunpowder explosions, and other business papers.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad glass plate negatives (Accession 1971.598) collection was purchased in 1971 as part of a lot that included two other small collections. The photographer is unknown, but a box included in the collection, as well as the images themselves, associate fifteen of the twenty-two images with the Lehigh Valley Railroad. While the photographs in this collection are undated, engine numbers visible in the images suggest that these glass negatives were created no earlier than 1934 and no later than 1948, assuming that they were taken roughly contemporaneously. There are an additional seven glass negatives, larger than the first fifteen, depicting a small variety of undated, unidentified scenes. The relationship of these items to the negatives depicting the rolling stock of the Lehigh Valley Railroad is unclear, as is their relationship to one another. These images depict a naval sailing vessel that is probably the USS Constitution, the shipwrecked SS Morro Castle, a group photograph in front a church, and two views of an outdoor recreation area. The image of the SS Morro Castle likely dates to 1934, and the remaining six may as well.
Inventor and manufacturer Eli Emery Hendrick (1832-1909) was born at Plymouth, Michigan, on May 9 1832. He began the manufacture of punched screens and grantings at Carbondale, Pa., in 1876 and organized the Hendrick Manufacturing Company in 1885. The Letterpress copybook of E. E. Hendrick, 1899-1903 (Accession 2528) contain tissue copies of E. E. Hendrick's outgoing correspondence from 1899 to 1903. Although nominally dealing with his actions as president of the Hendrick Manufacturing Company, most of the letters concern personal business. Most importantly, they reveal Hendicks' interest in early automobiles, with correspondence with dealers and suppliers. Hendrick tried both electric and steam automobiles, and many of the letters are in the nature of complaints. The letters reveal the enthusiasms and frustrations of an early motorist, who, although wealthy and mechanically gifted, was not a millionaire sportsman or race driver. The letterbook has not been digitized in its entirety. The online collection comprises only the correspondence relating to automobiles.
Locker Associates, Steel Industry Update newsletter
Locker Associates is a consulting firm based out of New York City. It specializes in representing industrial trade unions as well as large financial institutions and corporations facing restructuring and bankruptcy issues. Michael Locker is founder and president of the firm, and is a noted analyst of the steel industry. For over thirty years, Michael Locker has also been editor and publisher of Steel Industry Update, a trade newsletter for the steel industry. The publication is widely distributed to unions representing workers in the industry, steel industry management and executives, and financial experts with interests in the steel industry. Hagley Library's holdings of the publication are digital-only, and cover a range starting with the second issue in 1986 to 2019.
Locomotive Coaling Stations, Link-Belt Co. booklet of cyanotype photographs
The Link-Belt Company was founded by William Dana Ewart (1851-1908), who had invented the detachable link-belt in 1874. The flexible metal belt provided a superior system of power transmission and was first used widely in farm machinery. It was later introduced in industry wherever endless-belt motion was required, particularly for elevating and conveying grain, coal, etc. The Locomotive Coaling Stations, Link-Belt Co. booklet of cyanotype photographs (Accession 1982.301) is a booklet of 11 cyanotype photographs of locomotive coaling stations designed, erected, and equipped by the Link-Belt Engineering Company. The views include coaling stations in Croton, East Albany, and Lyons, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and New Buffalo, Michigan built for the New York Central and Hudson Railroad, the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, and the Chicago and Western Michigan Railway Company. The photographs show details of conveyor belts and bottom dumping coal cars. Every photograph has a caption.
Locomotives and views of Mauch Chunk contact photographs and negatives
This collection was purchased as a lot from a dealer in 1969. It includes an array of subjects, though the majority of the identified images document locomotives, railroad cars, railroad stations, and other railroad infrastructure. Railroads represented in these images include the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, Erie Railroad, Lehigh Valley Railroad, New York Central Lines, Pennsylvania Railroad, Reading Railroad, as well as a small number of other railway companies. The collection also includes landscapes and cityscapes, many of which were taken by photographers William H. Rau (1855-1921) and James Zellner (1836-1897). All of the photographs in the Locomotives and views of Mauch Chunk contact photographs and negatives (Accession 1969.092) collection are undated, though some of them can be assigned approximate dates based on information available. While a number of the dates assigned are questionable, most of the images in this collection appear to have been captured between approximately 1860 and 1950. Many locations are currently unidentified, but where it is possible to identify the locations in these images, the large majority of images document sites in Pennsylvania
The brothers Louis Edward Levy (1846-1919) and Max Levy (1857-1926) founded a photoengraving business in Baltimore in 1875. In 1877 they moved to Philadelphia and reorganized the firm as the Levytype Company. Here, they introduced their invention of a new photochemical engraving process, which they called "Levy-type". Other inventions followed, including the engraved glass grating known as the "Levy line screen"; the acid blast, or etching machine; and the etch-powdering machine. In 1900, the firm was renamed the Graphic Arts Company, and the brothers added a printing and publishing department to their business. The Louis E. and Max Levy photograph album (Accession 1976.252) contains personal cyanotype photographs. Included are views of a house in Philadelphia; the Pennsylvania Academy of Natural Science; scenes in Massachusetts, including exterior photographs of the Alcott House and the Hawthorn house in Concord, and the Jonathan Fairbanks House in Dedham; a biology class at M.I.T.; snapshots of children and other people; an unidentified photographer and his camera; and various interiors.
Colonel Louis de Tousard (1749-1817) was a French military officer who served in the American Revolution with Marquis de Lafayette. He was involved in the ill-fated Canadian campaign and in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. This digital collection consists of a journal and letter book kept by Tousard. The journal dates to 1791-1792 and was compiled by Tousard while a prisoner at L'Abbaye accused of counter-revolutionary activities during the 1791 slave insurrection in Saint Domingue (now Haiti) led by Toussaint L'Ouverture. The letter book, dated 1796-1802, documents Tousard's second career in the United States Army. The materials here were digitized from microfilm copies of Hagley Library's Col. A. L. de Tousard letterbook (Accession 0796) and the Louis Tousard journal (Accession 0874).
Lukens Steel Company was a medium-sized producer of specialty steel products and one of the top three producers of steel plate in the United States. Lukens Steel Company is noted for being the first industrial company in the United States led by a woman, Rebecca Lukens (1794-1854). The Lukens Steel Company newsletters (Accession 2020.209) is an online collection of the employee newsletter of the Lukens Steel Company produced between 1935 and 1989. The newsletter was called Lukens Plate through 1949, then was renamed Lukens Life after 1950. The issues include information about the Lukens community; retirement, engagement, and wedding announcements of Lukens employees; and other relevant industry news.
The Lukens Steel Company was a medium-sized, non-integrated steel company and one of the top three producers of steel plates in the nation. Lukens operated continuously at its Coatesville, Pennsylvania site since 1810. It was controlled by members of the Pennock, Lukens and Huston families in direct succession for over 180 years; the company is noted for being the first industrial company in the United States led by a woman, Rebecca Lukens (1794-1854). The digital collection includes selections from the Lukens Steel Company photographs (Accession 1972.360) collection; woodcuts showing the early history of the mill, interior and exterior views of factory buildings, various depictions of machinery, employees both at work and leisure, floods in 1955 and 1973, and twentieth-century aerial views of the Coatesville plant. Other items depict the owning families, company anniversary celebrations, and philanthropic activities supported by Charles Lukens Huston. The collection has not been digitized in its entirety.
MCI Communications Corporation (MCI) was one of the largest telecommunications companies in the world. It was incorporated in Delaware in 1968 as Microwave Communications of America, Inc., to provide businesses with nationwide microwave telecommunications services. MCI-AT&T antitrust litigation (1974-1985) led to AT&T's divestiture of its regional carriers, changing the telecommunications industry into a business open to competition. In 2006, the company was bought by Verizon. This digital collection offers selections from the MCI Communications Corporation photographs and audiovisual materials (Accession 2000.239) collection of video, audio, and photographic materials documenting the activities of MCI and its subsidiaries as well as the development of a competitive telecommunications industry in the United States and worldwide. It also offers selections from the MCI Communications Corporation records (Accession 2225) collection, which documents all facets of MCI history from 1968 to the end of the 1990s, as well as changes in the American telecommunications regulatory policy, legislation, and public perception of the industry. Documents in this collection also include records of MCI's subsidiaries and their predecessors starting as early as 1849.
Marc Harrison (1936-1998) was an industrial designer and pioneer of universal design, an approach to industrial design whose principles prioritize accessibility for people regardless of age and ability in product and environment creation. This digital collection includes selections from the Marc Harrison papers (Accession 2193) and Marc Harrison photograph collection (Accession 2005.255). These collections document Harrison's career at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) and his private consulting firm, Marc Harrison Associates. Notable projects represented include his work on the Universal Kitchen and his most famous design, the Cuisinart food processor. Notable client companies and organizations documented in the collections include the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, the American Red Cross, the International Lead and Zinc Research Organization (ILZRO), Krups, Chemex, and Cuisinart.
Marshall B. Johnson research collection of industrial design and housewares
Marshall Johnson (1938 - ), an industrial designer, worked for some of the most well-known small appliance companies and designed many popular products. He began working at Black & Decker, Inc., designing portable power tools and lawn and garden power tools. He went on to work as a corporate industrial designer for ALCOA, and later as a designer of small appliances and cookware for Wear-Ever, Proctor Silex, and Hamilton Beach, as those companies merged and evolved through the years. The Marshall B. Johnson research collection of industrial design and housewares (Accession 2268) consists of Johnson's career files and artifacts from the various companies for whom he worked, historical and research materials on the companies and their products, files on industrial designers, and Johnson's personal papers which include materials on his family, childhood, education, interests, and other activities.
Martha Furnace was an iron plantation built in 1793 by the Pennsylvania ironmaster Isaac Potts (1750-1803) on a branch of the Wading River two miles above Harrisville in eastern Burlington County, New Jersey. The Martha Furnace daybook/diary (Accession 0339) is a combined daybook and diary covering the years 1808 to 1815, with operating and statistical data entered on the left-hand leaves and notes on the occurrences of the day entered on the right-hand leaves. The daybook portion of the volume includes time sheets, lists of workmen, and records of consumption of raw materials and output of finished products. As such it is an important source on the technical performance of an early 19th century charcoal iron plantation. The diary portion mentions workers, clerks, the visiting owners, and persons from the surrounding country doing business with the furnace. It describes work rhythms, celebrations, drunkenness, accidents, illnesses and deaths within the community, with occasional references to larger events in the world beyond the Pine Barrens. It also delineates the working relationships between Martha Furnace and nearby ironworks
Mary Belin, 1839-1913, married Lammot du Pont, 1831-1884, and had eleven children, many who were prominent in the building up of the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Belin was the daughter of Henry H. Belin (1803-1891) and Isabell d'Andelot (1812-1863). Her father was the main bookkeeper for the DuPont Company. The Mary Belin du Pont recipe book (Accession 2458) is a carbon copy of a typed transcript from Belin's recipe book. The recipe book included dishes typical of middle class Americans in the Northeast in the early and mid-nineteenth century. Some recipes appear to have been taken from newspaper columns that were originally clipped by Mary Belin's mother, Isabella. In addition to dishes such as calves' foot jelly, flannel cakes, potato pudding, ginger beer, turtle soup, johnny cake, jumbles, flummery, potted shad and blanc mange, there are a variety of home remedies, household hints on washing and cleaning, and how to prepare paints and dyes.
In 1887, the Pennsylvania Steel Company constructed a steel plant at Sparrow's Point, Maryland on the mouth of the Patapsco River. Shortly after construction was completed, the plant was incorporated as the Maryland Steel Company of Baltimore County. That same year, 1891, the Marine Department, which included a shipyard, was created. The steel-works and shipyard continued to operate as the Maryland Steel Company until 1916, when Bethlehem Steel acquired the Pennsylvania Steel Company and its subsidiary, Maryland Steel. The Maryland Steel Co. photograph album (Accession 2008.224) collection consists of 3 albums containing 204 cyanotype photographs taken between 1890 and 1894. The first album contains exterior and interior photographs of buildings involved in steel production and steel workers. The second album consists of photographs of the company’s shipyard, including construction of the shipyard as well as interior and exterior photographs of shipyard buildings in use. The third album documents the construction and launch of ships built by the company, primarily tugs and coastal passenger steamships
The Matheson Automobile Company photographs (Accession 1989.327) collection includes 135 images dating largely from 1901 to 1912 from the Matheson Automobile Company, a small automaker headquartered out of Holyoke, Massachusetts and later Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania. Matheson automobiles were particularly popular for the power they provided, winning trophies in numerous hill climb competitions in the first decade of the twentieth century. The company's hand-built and custom-made cars were eventually pushed out of the market by smaller, cheaper, more mass-produced vehicles. The images in the collection depict automobile races, a Matheson European tour, and Matheson automobiles being manufactured and in use. The images in this collection were loaned for copy to Hagley Museum and Library in 1989; they were scanned from copies of originals on 4x5 prints
The Maxim Silencer Company was the first company to manufacture gun silencers for commercial use. The company was founded in 1908 as the Maxim Silent Firearms Company by the engineer and inventor Hiram Percy Maxim (1869-1936) in Hartford, Connecticut. In 1912, Maxim incorporated his business as the Maxim Silencer Company. During World War I, the company produced silencers for the United States Armed Forces snipers and sharpshooters. Commercial sales of the silencer ended in a few years prior to a 1934 law prohibiting private ownership. During World War II, the company produced military engine-exhaust silencers. The Maxim Silencer Company photographs (Accession 2015.288) collection consists of photographs of rifles with silencers, the company's World War II Army E. Navy award ceremony, and a few images of Hiram Percy Maxim and his son Hiram Hamilton Maxim (1900-1992).
The Merchants Coal Company mined semi-bituminous coal in the early twentieth century. The company was a subsidiary of United Coal Company. In 1919, the company became the Hillman Coal and Coke Company, named after the United Coal Company’s primary stockholder, J.H. Hillman, who then merged the company with the mining operations of J.H. Hillman & Sons. The first president and supervisor of the company, Thomas Boswell (1861-1929), created the company town of Boswell, Pennsylvania. The company purchased farms consisting of 14,000 acres and then laid out 1,600 lots on which company houses were built, and developed a 1,100 foot slope entry mine in 1901. The town and its mine were serviced by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. The mine, Orenda Mine #1, extracted semi-bituminous coal. At its peak in the 20th century, the mine employed 900 workers and extracted over 3,000 tons of coal a day. The Merchants Coal Company photographs (Accession 1991.227) collection contains images of early construction in Boswell, showing views of a steel bridge over Quemahoning Creek, tipple, company housing, brick plant, mouth of mine, power house, and a temporary company store.
Following the repeal of national Prohibition in 1933, many Americans were eager to once again legally purchase beer, wine, and liquor. It was not long before a domestic alcoholic beverage industry soon re-emerged to meet this consumer demand. These industries and businesses would soon get a further economic boost in the years after World War II, as an increasingly affluent white middle class relocated to the nation's growing suburbs, where larger living spaces combined with disposable income to create new opportunities for private entertaining and the accumulation of consumer products. The items in this digital collection represent a portion of Hagley Library's holdings across a variety of accessions and collections documenting liquor manufacturers' and distributors' activities and outreach to these consumers, as well as the attitudes, trends, and material objects that made up American cocktail culture during this era.
The Midvale Steel Company manufactured steel parts for the railroad and the armaments industries. The company was established in 1867 in the Nicetown area of Germantown, Philadelphia by William Butcher. Upon his death in 1871, the Butcher Steel Works was taken over by the principal stockholders. The renamed Midvale Steel Works became best known for its its early experimentation with alloy steels and for its production of railroad wheels cast from open-hearth steel, one of the earliest uses of this type of steel in the United States.. In 1880, it was renamed the Midvale Steel Company. It began manufacturing ordnance in 1895 and marine engines in 1900. Expansion during World War I led to a new name in 1915; the Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company, and additional plants in Johnstown and Coatesville, PA. In 1923, these new plants were acquired by the Bethlehem Steel Company. In 1955, the Philadelphia works merged with the Heppenstall Steel Company to become Midvale-Heppenstall Company. The Philadelphia plant closed in 1976.. This album contains photographs showing exteriors and interiors of Midvale Steel facilities in the Nicetown area of Germantown. There are also close-ups of machinery, products (including naval guns, railroad wheels, propellers, and miscellaneous castings), and tests of armor plate.
Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company motion picture films
The Midvale Steel Company was established in 1867 in the Nicetown area of Germantown, Philadelphia by English steel-maker William Butcher (circa 1791-1871). Upon his death in 1871, the Butcher Steel Works became the Midvale Steel Works with engineer Wiliam Sellers (1824-1905) as president. The company's name changed again in 1880 to the Midvale Steel Company. The Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company motion picture films (Accession 1970.034) collection consists of five reels of film that document operations at the Midvale Steel Plant. While the reels are not dated, they are believed to be from 1919. The films document the various stages of production at the plant with a focus on the precision steel making process. The films show the various stages of steel production at the plant, and include footage of an integrated workforce with African American and white employees working together on the shop floor.
The Morris family of Philadelphia were brewers, merchants, land speculators, manufacturers, and prominent participants in public affairs. Their presence in the region dates back to Anthony Morris, a Quaker who emigrated to Burlington, New Jersey in 1682, relocating to Philadelphia about three years later. John Thompson Morris (1847-1915) founded the Morris Arboretum in Germantown, Pennsylvania and served as overseer of public schools in Philadelphia. He and his sister Lydia (1849-1932) traveled around the world together on several Grand Tour trips from 1881 to 1906. The Morris travel albums (Accession 1976.432) collection contains fourteen albums of photographs and postcards from their travels. Only two of the albums have been digitized: Album 11,"France, Norway and Russia, 1903, Vol. 1" (which also includes Germany) and Album 12, "France, Norway and Russia, 1903, Vol. 2" (which also includes Germany, Sweden, and Finland).
The Morse Dry Dock and Repair Company was founded in New York City in the 1880s as the Morse Iron Works, a small shipsmithing business. Over time, the company grew to become one of the nation's largest ship repair and ship refitting facilities. The company merged with five other similar businesses in 1929 to form United Dry Docks, Inc. The Morse Dry Dock Dial was an in-house monthly periodical for employees of the company. According to company founder and president Edward P. Morse (1859-1930), the magazine was intended "to bring our men closer together, to make them familiar with the doings in the yard and to arouse their interest in the welfare of the company". The magazine was staffed with professional journalists and commissioned work from a number of notable illustrators and artists, particularly Edward Hopper (1882-1967), who was responsible for the cover artwork of a number of issues. Morse Dry Dock Dial is call number f VM301.M67 M67 in Hagley Library's collections. The Library's run of issues is incomplete, but dates from the first issue in 1918 to 1923.
NRG Energy, Inc. is an energy company headquartered in Houston, Texas. The company was formerly a subsidiary of formerly Northern States Power Company (later Xcel Energy) but became an independent corporation in 2000. The companies activities entail generating energy and delivering electricity to the public using natural gas generation, coal generation, oil generation, nuclear generation, wind generation, utility-scale generation, and distributed solar generation. Beginning in 2009, the company began investing resources in becoming a green energy producer and developing clean energy projects like wind power, solar thermal energy, photovoltaic, and distributed solar power facilities, and repowering of some of their traditional coal plants with biomass. This digital collection of Sustainability Reports released by the company document NRG Energy's activities between 2010 and 2020 toward that goal, as well as other markers of sustainability and corporate responsibility such as community giving, transparency, diversity, equity and inclusion.
The Chamber of Commerce of the United States is the world’s largest commercial association. Chamber members range from small businesses and local chambers to leading industry associations and large corporations. The Chamber traces its origins to an April 22, 1912, conference of commercial and trade organizations called by President William Howard Taft. The goal was to form a national group to advise the government on issues facing industry and business throughout the country. Nation’s Business was a monthly publication from the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. The Chamber used the publication to inform the business community about commercial trends and to solidify political support around key positions on government policies regarding business and economic life. Nation's Business is call number f HF1.N38 in the Hagley Library's Published Collections Department; our holdings cover all the years of its publication (1912 to 1999), with most years' issues included in their entirety. All of the issues in our collection of Nation's Business from 1915 on have been digitized.
The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) was organized in Ohio in 1895 with the goal to protect American goods from foreign competition and to promote trade expansion. The organization continues today as the largest manufacturing trade association in the United States, representing small and large manufacturers in every industrial sector and in all fifty states. This digital collection draws from multiple collections and accessions at Hagley Library. These include materials originating from the National Association of Manufacturers in the library's Published Collections Department, the National Association of Manufacturers records (Accession 1411) collection, and the National Association of Manufacturers photographs and audiovisual materials (Accession 1973.418) collection. These records provide comprehensive documentation of the organization's programs and activities from its founding in 1895 to the present. They have not been digitized in their entirety; this digital collections contains a selection of items primarily dating to the 1960s and 1970s.
National Automobile Dealers Association audiovisual materials and publications
The National Automobile Dealer's Association (NADA) was founded in 1917 to represent the interests of auto dealers in the United States. Today, the trade association is advocacy organization representing over 16,000 automobile dealers in outreach to automobile manufacturers, the federal government, the media, and consumers. The materials in the National Automobile Dealers Association audiovisual materials and publications (Accession 2014.274) collection include NADA publications covering 1934 to 2014, NADA convention materials, press releases, and video content. These materials were loaned for copy to Hagley Library in 2014; originals have been retained by the National Automobile Dealers Association. The audiovisual materials in this collection focus primarily on coverage of events, news segments, automobile manufacturer footage and other programs pertaining to NADA, while the publications focus on industry news, products, regulations, and legislation.
The 1934 National Electrical and Radio Exposition was held in New York City at Madison Square Garden from September 19th to the 29th. The Electrical Association of New York organized the exposition, which brought together manufacturers, retailers, and customers. The exposition included national manufacturers and large retailers from around the country to display, demonstrate, and sell their products. Among the more prominent products featured at the expositions during this period were radios, household appliances (vacuums, ovens, refrigerators, etc.), home/industrial lighting, and heating/air conditioning technology. The National Electrical and Radio Exposition album (Accession 2015.289) contains 45 photographs taken during the exposition. The photographs are primarily of various companies' individual displays. Companies represented include RCA, Westinghouse Electric, Singer Sewing Machine, General Electric, Hoover, Leonard, among others.
The National Foreign Trade Council (NFTC) was established on May 28, 1914 to coordinate the foreign trade activities of the United States. The convention appointed thirty-five delegates to serve as charter members of the NFTC, with James A. Farrell (1863-1943), then-President of U.S. Steel, the new organization's first chairman. The National Foreign Trade Council (NFTC) records (Accession 2345) collection chronicles U.S. corporate policy toward the most pressing issues of foreign trade in the twentieth century, from the Council's initial charge in 1914 to "àcoordinate the foreign trade activities of the nation." Records prior to the 1936 incorporation are slight; the Council became progressively more active, and its records more substantial, in the immediate pre-war period and especially in the period of trade reconstruction immediately following the Second World War. The publications received from the NFTC are also not complete, and the collection has not been digitized in its entirety.
The Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes in New York was established in 1910 to assist black migrants arriving from the rural South in adjusting to life in the urban North. Following a series of mergers, the organization's name was changed and shortened to the National Urban League in 1920. The interracial coalition of civil rights advocates that made up the League adopted a mission to help African-Americans "to secure economic self-reliance, parity, power and civil rights." This mission was manifested through the provision of community-based social services, advocacy on the behalf of black workers, and other efforts to address the problems black Americans faced in securing equal access to employment, recreation, education, housing, medical care, and government services. This digital collection contains publications in the Hagley Library's catalog that were issued by the national and regional branches of the Urban League. In addition to the publications below, the Library also carries Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, an academic and literary journal published by the National Urban League from 1923 to 1949.
New York Tunnel Extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad album
The New York tunnel extension was a huge project the Pennsylvania Railroad undertook between the years 1900 and 1910 in order to run passenger trains directly into a centrally located station in New York City. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company photograph collection (Accession 1972.432) contains a number of different images related to the Pennsylvania Railroad. The collection has not been digitized in its entirety. This digital collection offers one album from the physical collection; an album of 37 black and white photographs by the New York City photographer De W. C. Ward, which document the recently completed tunnel extension with images of the exterior and interior of Pennsylvania Station as well as nearby freight yards, railroad tunnels, rail stations, and railroad service buildings.
Pigment manufacturing began at the site of the Newport Pigment Plant in Newport, Delaware in 1902 when the site was owned and operated by Henrik J. Krebs. In 1929, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company purchased the plant. DuPont continued to use the plant to manufacture a variety of pigments until the plant was purchased by CIBA‐GEIGY in 1984. Newport News was an in-house employee magazine edited by and printed for employees of the plant. Hagley Library's holdings of this magazine are incomplete. The earliest issues date to 1947, the periodical's fifth year of publication, while the latest date to 1983. This title is call number HD9651.9.D94 N49 in Hagley Library's collections.
Niagara Falls Power Company power generation facility photograph album
The story of harnessing the waterpower of Niagara Falls dates from 1890 when a 'power tunnel' was dug to bring the water to Power Station No. 1, an electrical power station with three AC dynamos built by Westinghouse. In 1895, the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Company started building Power Station No. 2. These stations began supplying electricity to Buffalo at midnight on November 16, 1896 and continued to do so until being closed in 1961. Many of the photographs in the Niagara Falls Power Company power generation facility photograph album (Accession 1990.265) document the erection of wooden poles for power transmission lines. There are also some photographs showing the power houses and transformer building which was designed by Stanford White of McKim, Mead & White; these include exteriors as well as interiors. The latter includes 3 phase rotary AC generators made by General Electric and air blast transformers. Some photographs show the Niagara River Rapids and of the Niagara Falls Power Company's interurban trolley line.
Nora C. Edwards established the Edwards Skirt Supporter Company around 1903 in Spooner, Wisconsin to market and sell her patented invention. The purpose of the skirt supporter was to fasten a dress skirt and a shirt waist together, preventing the shirt waist from slipping up the back and the dress skirt from dropping below the waistline. From 1903 to early 1905, Edwards traveled throughout the Southern and Midwestern United States, making contacts and hiring women agents to sell the skirt supporters. By September 1905, Nora Edwards permanently relocated to Buffalo, New York, where she maintained the company's headquarters. The Nora C. Edwards papers (Accession 2036) collection comprises personal and business correspondence received by Nora Edwards between 1887 and 1917 from family members, agents, friends, and patent attorneys. The letters often combine personal and business matters. Letters from friends and family members mention Edwards’ business as well as family matters and give descriptive accounts of life in rural Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Indiana. Letters from agents for the company contain orders and descriptions of working habits.
Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley
The Oral histories on work and daily life in the Brandywine Valley (Accession 1970.370) collection contains approximately 200 interviews conducted between 1953 and 1990 with people who lived and worked in New Castle County, Delaware. The recollections of the subjects cover a period from about 1900 to 1960. While the majority of the interviews are with those who have a connection with the DuPont Company or du Pont family either as employees or inhabitants of the area surrounding the company's operation on the Brandywine River, the collection also includes interviews with those who worked in other industries in Delaware during this era such as Hodgson Woolen Mill, Lobdell Car Wheel Company, Hoopes Brother & Darlington, and Joseph Bancroft & Sons. In addition to documenting work and labor during this period, the interviewers delve deeply into the social and cultural lives of their subjects. Issues related to domesticity, gender, education, childhood, ethnicity, medicine, etc. are among the topics covered in the interviews. Also of note are interviews with a journalist (Fred Reybold) and an early broadcaster (Willard Wilson) who worked in Delaware.
This digital collection is a compilation of oral history collections and individual interviews at Hagley Library that have been digitized and are available online. This is not a comprehensive collection of all oral history content at Hagley. For more information, please contact us at email@example.com.
Wallace Hume Carothers (1896-1937) was chemist and inventor of Neoprene artificial rubber and Nylon synthetic fiber. He worked as a chemist in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company's Fundamental Research Program from 1928 until his death in 1937. The Oral history interviews on Wallace Carothers (Accession 1994.311) collection contains ten interviews conducted in July and August of 1978 with Carothers’s friends, family, and colleagues. Five of the interviews were recorded as well as transcribed, while others were only transcribed. The interviewees primarily share stories and focus on their feelings surrounding Carothers’s personality, work, and suicide. Helen Sweetman, Carothers’s wife, is also a common subject. Other topics include the DuPont Experimental Station, life in mid-twentieth century Wilmington, Delaware, and Carothers’s election to the National Academy of Sciences.
For over sixty years, Zachary Taylor Vinson (1933-2009) amassed a large and comprehensive collection of printed material documenting on the history transportation, particularly automobiles. The Oral history interviews on Z. Taylor Vinson (Accession 2013.265) collection is the result of an oral history project initiated to provide supplementary material for Hagley’s 2015 exhibit, 'Driving Desire', which features items from the Z. Taylor Vinson collection of transportation ephemera (Accession 20100108.ZTV) and Z. Taylor Vinson collection of transportation lithographs (Accession 2010.203). The three interviewees, Rick Shnitzler, Fred Simeone, and Yann Saunders, all were personal acquaintances of Z. Taylor Vinson as well as highly involved in either collecting or dealing auto ephemera and/or automobiles. For more information, see 'Collecting Paper Cars: Z. Taylor Vinson's Collection of Automobile Ephemera', a digital exhibit developed as part of the 'Driving Desire' exhibit .
Oral history interviews on cultivated mushroom industry
Over half the mushrooms in the United States are grown in and around the town of Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, which proudly calls itself the mushroom capital of the world. Beginning around the turn of the century, Quaker greenhouse owners began using the space below their beds to grow mushrooms. They hired Italian laborers, who then started their own mushroom farms. Today, Italian-American families own most of the mushroom companies in the area, and the labor force has shifted as well, from Puerto Ricans to Mexicans, as Pennsylvania’s mushroom farms became a destination for migrant farm workers looking for reliable, year-round employment in one place. The Oral history interviews on cultivated mushroom industry (Accession 2018.219) collection brings together interviews with mushroom growers and owners of mushroom businesses whose experiences capture the many different kinds of work and knowledge involved in mushroom cultivation, harvesting, packing, distribution, and marketing, and how those processes have changed over time.
Oral history interviews with John J. Raskob family
John Raskob (1879-1950) was a financial executive for the E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., General Motors, and financier of the Empire State Building. During the 1920s Raskob became active in Democratic Party politics and from 1928 to 1932 served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. He was an important financial backer of Governor Alfred E. Smith (1873-1944) when he ran for president in 1928. The Oral history interviews with John J. Raskob family (Accession 2004.208) collection consists of seven oral history interviews conducted between 2004 and 2005 with members of John J. Raskob’s immediate family, primarily his children and grandchildren. The interviews are largely personal in nature and often focus on family relationships. Each interviewee discusses their birth, education, and travels. Memories of times spent at the various family estates are recounted. Those present on a cruise to Europe in 1950 share their recollections about the trip. Some speak of the death of Bill Raskob, Yvonne Raskob, and Catherine Raskob, as well as John J. Raskob’s funeral. Also discussed are the families views on religion, race, and philanthropy.
Oral history interviews with former employees of DuPont Company's Textile Fibers Department
The Textile Fibers Department of the DuPont Company was established in 1936 as the Rayon Department, which specialized in researching and developing synthetic fibers for fabrics such as Nylon, Orlon, Dacron, and Lycra. The Oral history interviews with former employees of DuPont Company's Textile Fibers Department (Accession 2010.215) collection consists of oral history interviews conducted by Joseph Plasky with former employees of DuPont's Textile Fibers department. The interviewees worked in all sectors of the business, from research and engineering to marketing, during the period from approximately 1950 to 2000. The subject matter of the interviews focus on two significant technologies during the 1950s, Nylon and Dacron. Many interviewees also worked on Orlon, Lycra, Qiana, and Stainmaster. Additional topics covered by the interviews include the development of new materials, products, and processes; construction of new plants; changes in marketing and personnel systems; and the introduction of computer systems.
Oscar Guttmann collection on explosives, firearms, and military science
Oscar Guttmann (1855-1910) was an explosives engineer and chemist who specialized in fireworks. He worked in a number of explosives works throughout Europe, including Austria, Hungary, Italy, and Switzerland, before establishing himself as a consulting engineer in London with the firm of Oscar Guttmann & Sons, which assisted in the construction of explosives works in the Europe and the United States. During his career he assembled a collection of books and manuscripts on the history of European firearms, explosives and military science. In 1911 his son, Leo Guttmann, sold the collection to Pierre S. du Pont. This collection was acquired by Hagley Library after the 1961 transfer of Longwood Library materials to Hagley Library. The Oscar Guttmann collection on explosives, firearms, and military science consists of 16 manuscript items and includes a Feuerwerkbuch, roughly translated as “fireworks book” dating to 1450, making it the oldest item in Hagley Library's collections. Two items from the collection have not been scanned due to their condition.